Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ)
The ocean is the life-support system of our planet. Covering 71% of the world’s surface, it is a vast and dynamic system that provides essential services for the livelihoods of millions of people. It provides food, raw materials, energy and transportation routes, as well as regulating our climate. Yet about 61% of the ocean lies beyond national jurisdictions, i.e. beyond the 200 nm Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) of coastal countries. ABNJ includes the High Seas and the seabed beyond the (extended) continental shelf of coastal States.
Significant progress has been made in promoting sustainable management of deep-sea fisheries and biodiversity in ABNJ. However, as our understanding of the vulnerability of deep-sea habitats, fish stocks and associated bycatch species develops, increased efforts are required. Deep-sea fishing grounds can include areas above continental slopes or isolated features under the ocean, such as seamounts, ridge systems and bank. The extreme conditions in deep waters make these places home to a truly unique array of wildlife.
In order to advance on the recognition of information and knowledge in decision-making, this report provides an overview of studies designed to contribute to improving deep-sea fisheries management and biodiversity conservation in ABNJ.
The designations employed and the presentation of information on this web site do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNEP-WCMC or FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by UNEP-WCMC or FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The views expressed in material made available on this website are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of UNEP-WCMC or FAO.
Information on this site is provided on an “as is“ and “as available“ basis. UNEP-WCMC and FAO make every effort to ensure, but does not guarantee, the accuracy, completeness or authenticity of the information on this web site. UNEP-WCMC and FAO reserve the right to alter, limit or discontinue any part of this service at its discretion.
Under no circumstances shall UNEP-WCMC or FAO be liable for any loss, damage, liability or expense suffered that is claimed to result from the use of such content, or the use of the information posted herein, including without limitation, any fault, error, omission, interruption or delay.
No claim or representation is made or warranty given as to the accuracy, completeness or authenticity of the information shared on this site. UNEP-WCMC and FAO do not accept any liability to any person or entity for any loss, damage, liability or expense suffered which is claimed to result from use of the information posted, including without limitation, any fault, error, omission, interruption or delay. Links to websites that are not administered or owned by UNEP-WCMC or FAO do not imply any official endorsement by or responsibility of UNEP-WCMC or FAO for the information, opinions, data or products presented on those websites.